Only less than 10% of hemorrhoid cases require surgery. Hemorrhoidectomy is usually necessary for external hemorrhoids or prolapsed hemorrhoids that are inflamed, painful, infected, or complicated.
Why do hemorrhoids occur?Learn about the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention methods of hemorrhoids.
In most cases, if the patient experiences only mild discomfort, they can consider using ointments, suppositories, and medicated pads to alleviate symptoms, reduce itching and pain, and wait for the hemorrhoids to heal on their own.
|Principle||Removes internal or external hemorrhoids that are severe using different techniques||Removes internal or external hemorrhoids that are severe using different techniques|
|Efficacy||The most effective method for treating hemorrhoids.||Phenylephrine temporarily shrinks blood vessels, reducing swelling and discomfort, while pramoxine reduces pain and itching sensation.|
|Procedure||The doctor directly removes the hemorrhoids using sharp tools such as a surgical knife, scissors, electrocautery, or laser.||The ointment is applied to the affected area. Typically, patients are instructed to use the ointment 4 times a day (e.g., morning, bedtime, and after each bowel movement) or as directed by the doctor.|
|Pain Intensity||Patients receive anesthesia during the surgery and do not experience pain.||The ointment can alleviate the patient’s pain.|
|Suitable patients/conditions||Patients with severe hemorrhoid conditions||Suitable for most patients|
|Side Effects||Side Effects Common side effects:|
Less common side effects:
|Generally, ointment treatment does not cause significant side effects. Some patients may experience mild pain or stinging after using the ointment, and if the condition worsens, medical attention should be sought.|
If allergic reactions such as rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing occur, immediate medical attention should be sought.
|Treatment Duration||Usually takes 30 minutes to 1 hour.||Usually takes about 7 days to take effect.|
|Chance of Relapse||Risk of Recurrence Approximately 5% of patients may experience relapse after surgery.||No relevant data available.|
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Patients typically require about 1 to 2 months for recovery after hemorrhoid surgery.
Yes, it can be performed during menstruation.
It depends on the situation. Hemorrhoid surgery can be performed as an outpatient procedure, but in some cases, a hospital stay of 1 to 2 days may be necessary.