What is lysozyme? Learn about its uses, side effects, and proper dosage

Lysozyme is a common medication, but what illnesses can it be used to treat? What are its side effects? What is the correct dosage? The Bowtie team will explore these questions in detail with you!
Author Bowtie Team
Date 2023-05-15
Updated on 2023-05-15
What is lysozyme?Types of lysozymeThe uses of lysozymeWho is suitable for taking lysozyme?Side effects of lysozymeHow to store lysozyme?

What is lysozyme?

Lysozyme is an anti-inflammatory enzyme that can break down cell walls. It is commonly found in tears, saliva, sweat, and other bodily fluids. Lysozyme plays an important role in the innate immune system and provides protection against bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

Types of lysozyme

Lysozyme is mainly divided into three types, including:

  • Type C (chicken or conventional type)
  • Type G (goose type)
  • Type I (invertebrate type)

The uses of lysozyme

Due to its antibacterial and antiviral properties, lysozyme is widely used in medicine, cosmetics, and food preservation. Lysozyme is commonly used to treat inflammatory symptoms, such as:

  1. Chronic sinusitis
  2. Respiratory system diseases
  3. Sore throat
  4. Bleeding and swelling of gums
  5. Expectorant
  6. Bleeding during or after minor dental or urological surgery.

Who is suitable for taking lysozyme?

There is currently no clear data showing which type of person is more suitable for taking lysozyme, so it is recommended to consult a doctor before taking it.

Side effects of lysozyme

Lysozyme may cause the following side effects:

  • Rash and redness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Gastrointestinal discomfort

Who should not consume it?

  • Children
  • Anyone who is allergic to lysozyme or any component of the preparation

In addition, pregnant or breastfeeding women who need to take lysozyme should consult a doctor first.How to take lysozyme correctly?


The usual adult dose is 90 milligrams per dose, taken two to three times a day, or as prescribed by a doctor.


  • Lysozyme pills or capsules can be taken on a full or empty stomach.
  • Medications should not be crushed, ground, or chewed when taken, as this will increase the amount of medication absorbed by the body and cause damage to internal organs.
  • If you have any questions, consult a doctor before taking the medication.

How to store lysozyme?

Different brands of lysozyme may have different storage methods, most of which can be stored in a cool, dry place, but the medication instructions should be consulted before purchasing.

How to purchase lysozyme in Hong Kong?

Lysozyme is an over-the-counter medication in Hong Kong, so it can be purchased at grocery stores, convenience stores, pharmacies, and drugstores. Before purchasing, you can also browse the List of Authorized Poison Sellers under the Hong Kong Department of Health to buy quality and safe lysozyme.

Is lysozyme addictive?

Lysozyme is a naturally occurring enzyme found in tears, saliva, and mucus of humans and other animals that helps prevent bacterial and viral infections. It is widely used in the medical, cosmetic, and food industries as a safe food additive and is not considered addictive.


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