Pelvic ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic examination method that visualizes the pelvic organs and structures. Both men and women may need to undergo this examination, but the majority of cases involve examining the condition of female organs such as the uterus, cervix, vagina, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
Although there are currently no guidelines recommending regular pelvic ultrasound for everyone, individuals with a family history of gynecological conditions such as ovarian cancer, breast cancer, or uterine fibroids, and those experiencing severe menstrual pain, irregular periods, or abnormal menstrual bleeding may consider undergoing regular pelvic ultrasound starting from the age of 35. High-risk women may even opt for an annual examination.
In addition, healthcare providers may recommend a pelvic ultrasound in the following situations:
There are two main types of pelvic ultrasound, primarily categorized based on the position of the body:
|Type||Transabdominal Ultrasound||Transvaginal Ultrasound|
|Pre-examination preparation||You need to drink 32 ounces (908ml) of water 1 hour before the examination.||Your bladder needs to be emptied before the examination.|
|Examination process||The examination is conducted with the individual lying flat on their back. The operator applies a small amount of gel on the ultrasound transducer and rolls it over the abdomen.||The individual lies on a bed, and the operator inserts a transducer covered with gel into the vagina, similar to using a menstrual tampon. Prior to this type of ultrasound, it is necessary to empty the bladder.|
It is worth noting that depending on the situation, healthcare professionals may also perform a Doppler ultrasound scan to measure the speed and direction of blood flow in the abdomen, which helps diagnose vascular blockages.
In addition, during routine prenatal check-ups, doctors will also monitor the condition of the fetus through pelvic ultrasound.
A pelvic ultrasound can assist in diagnosing various women’s health issues, including:
|Private Hospital||Outpatient/General ward price|
|Hong Kong Sanatorium & Hospital||HK$1,990|
|St. Paul’s Hospital||HK$2,950 – 3,270（Whole abdominal）|
|Gleneagles Hospital||HK$1,350 – 1,500|
|Hong Kong Adventist Hospital – Stubbs Road||HK$1,550 – 1,890|
|Canossa Hospital||HK$1,600 – 2,000|
|Matilda International Hospital||HK$2,530|
|Hong Kong Baptist Hospital||HK$1,120|
|St. Teresa’s Hospital||HK$3,100（Whole abdominal）|
|Evangel Hospital||HK$1,600 – 1,800|
|Precious Blood Hospital||HK$1,020|
|Hong Kong Adventist Hospital – Tusen Wan||HK$1,400 – 1,900|
If the policyholder receives written reference* from the attending/registered doctor to undergo a pelvic ultrasound, all Bowtie voluntary health insurance plans provide coverage. The coverage amounts are as follows:
|Standard Plan||Flexi Plan (Basic/Plus)|
|Miscellaneous Expenses^||HK$14,000／year||HK$18,000 – 26,000／year|
After completing the examination, the doctor will analyze the images and prepare an official report, which will be interpreted to the patient. If any abnormalities are found, the doctor may refer the patient to a specialist or follow up in public or private hospitals. The doctor may also recommend further examinations such as hysteroscopy and laparoscopy.
If you have a history of sexual activity, it is advisable to choose a transvaginal ultrasound as it provides a clearer view of the uterus, ovaries, and especially the endometrium.
Generally, the entire examination process takes about 20 minutes.
Yes, males can undergo a pelvic ultrasound to diagnose conditions related to the bladder, prostate, seminal vesicles, and to detect bladder tumors or stones early.