Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), is an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. SGPT is released into blood when the liver or heart are damaged. It is also called Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT).
Conditions and Diseases caused by increased SGPT levels
Drinking excess of alcohol
Acute viral hepatitis A and B
Celiac disease (Autoimmune disorder in which people can’t eat gluten because it will damage their small intestine)
Glandular fever caused by Epstein-Barr virus
Gallbladder inflammation (medically termed as Cholecystitis)
Possible associated conditions of an increased levels of SGPT
SGPT 1.5 to 8 times more than the normal level seen in:
Early, late and subclinical hepatitis.
Rye’s syndrome ( a rare condition that causes swelling in the liver and brain).
Cholangitis (inflammation of the bile ducts).
Hemochromatosis (genetic disorder in which the body stores too much Iron).
SGPT >8 to 10 times more than the normal value seen in:
Mostly in acute viral hepatitis.
SGPT >30 times more than the normal value is seen in:
Drug toxicity like acetaminophen in alcoholics and malnourished people.
How can I maintain a healthy level of SGPT?
Increase Vitamin D in your diet Vitamin D helps in preventing damage to your liver and reducing SGPT levels. Oranges, soy milk, mushrooms, apples, eggs, fortified cereals, tofu, dairy products, cod liver oil, oysters and green leafy vegetables are good sources of vitamin D.
Eat nutrient-rich food Organic, plant-based diet is the best for your liver as it helps in its functioning. Avoid consuming too much salt and sodium-rich foods.
Eat more vegetables & fruits Fruits and vegetables that are high in antioxidants, like kiwi, pomegranate, papaya, carrot, spinach, bell pepper are good for your liver’s health.
Avoid deep fried & junk foods
Restrict alcoholic beverages & quit smoking Alcohol is the most harmful thing for the liver. Consuming nicotine in any form can absorb toxins like nicotine and ammonia into your blood. Liver has a tough time filtering them, and thus becoming weak.
Don’t self medicate Metabolizing drugs is too much work for the liver, hence having medicines not prescribed by a qualified physician can do more harm than good.
Exercise regularly Regular exercise is imperative for maintaining a healthy liver. It reduces the stress on your liver and increases your energy levels. Exercise also aids in preventing obesity which is a risk factor for liver diseases.
Go for regular preventive health checkups in particular, the liver tests.